Students in “African Perspectives in the Ancient Mediterranean” engaged with a variety of evidence throughout the course, from Pharaonic literature to Ptolemaic iconography. The visual essays below touch upon a number of themes that were central to our class discussions, but overwhelmingly try to answer the following question: how did African cultures define identity, and how were those identities expressed, oppressed, or transformed over time?

Egyptian Society

Colonial Interactions

Race and Ethnicity
Then and Now

Coinage and Identity